Me v. the GRE: obstacles to a second Masters degree

Hello. Will you teach me?

Hello. Will you teach me?

Hello, Admissions Department at Georgia Regents University. My name is Robert. I am 41. I have a MS in Executive Leadership and Organizational Change from an AACSB accredited school with a 3.9 GPA. I have a BS in Cell Biology, Microbiology, and a minor in Biochemistry from the University of GA. I am the Chief Information Officer at Armstrong Atlantic State University, and I’ve held progressive leadership roles at Miami University and the University of Georgia. I’m also a volunteer firefighter to help serve my community.

By some definitions, I’d be considered successful and a safe bet.

After graduating high school with honors, I received an academic scholarship to the University of GA where I pursued a degree in science because I loved critical thinking, problem solving, and diagnosing, especially when focused on applied or human systems. I thought I was going to be a surgeon. However, my Dad had thyroid cancer (he recovered) in the first part of my college career, and I dropped out of school to help run and work in the family electrical and general contracting business. I didn’t handle the transition well, and I have the grades to show for it. In a tough situation, I made some bad choices and mistakes. I own that.  It took me some 8 years to finish, but through tenacity and strong encouragement from my parents I graduated with some of the toughest majors at UGA. My 400 level science course GPA is 3.2.

I left lab science for the IT world, and became a support person, then a manager, then a director, then a senior director, then an Asst. VP, and now a CIO. Along the way I thought I needed to get an MBA, but never got around to it. (The thought of financial accounting classes made me nauseous, so I kept avoiding it.) Finally, I figured out that my real challenges were related to helping people navigate change. My world has major upheavals every 3-5 years, and, thus having skills in leadership development, communication, conflict, negotiation, and organizational change would be helpful. I found the ELOC program at NKU to be vitally helpful and useful. I am a better husband, father, son, and employee for going through the curriculum.

Over my career, I’ve seen disruptive forces at play in higher education, and I have more recently observed those same forces at play in healthcare. Dramatically rising costs; expensive technology promises that have great potential but too many times have unrealized value; people vested in maintaining the status quo regardless of outside pressure; unequal access to services; populations in need; and increasing levels of public scrutiny are just a few similarities.

A practical example is that a large number of Georgians live in a place that is served by a rural hospital where it is tough to attract and retain medical specialist. Georgia has the dubious distinction of being in the “stroke belt” (stroke mortality rates 10% above national rate). There is something called a TPA protocol that dramatically improves the outcome of patients suffering from a stroke. The kicker is that it must be administered within a three hour window of the stroke or it can cause more damage. There are companies (e.g., REACH) who can provide the experts through telemedicine. I heard one doc at an economic development seminar talking about providing this care to a patient. He was there to talk about the rural telemedicine and business model, but all I heard was that they wasted about 45 minutes faxing medical records back and forth to ensure no medical contraindications before actual treatment could begin. This particular patient had a successful outcome, but 13.5% of the effective treatment window was taken up with (important) administrivia. That’s one of the things the HITECH Act of 2009 is supposed to help address, but we are still in the implementation phases. We have the technical capabilities to increase successful healthcare outcomes–from diagnosis to treatment–, and those systems, infrastructure, and practices are what I’d like to be a part of creating.

As a part of creating those solutions, I thought I’d get to know more about the problem by getting a Masters in Public Health. Even better, I thought I would take advantage of the University System of Georgia tuition assistance program by utilizing the web program offered by Georgia Regents University (formerly ‘Georgia Health Sciences University,’ but it will always be known to me as the ‘Medical College of Georgia’).

Fantastic! In the course of one degree program I’m about to fuse together my science background, my higher ed experience, and my organizational change experience so that I can advance my career and better serve society.

But first, I have to remember geometry and the quadratic formula. That’s right folks, I have to take the GRE. Never mind that my last class in geometry was in my freshman year of high school back in 1986. Never mind that I’ve never taken math courses on a computer. Yes, I do math in my job, but it’s is in Excel and it has nothing to do with the sort of math that is on these tests.

To my own children and anyone else out there who point to this as a reason for not taking or not studying for their own math classes: It is important to go through these classes and do well. It teaches problem solving and gives you choices and avenues to pursue. Because of these classes, I had the opportunity to pursue a career in engineering or physics, where I would no doubt still be using these concepts. Except in matters that compromise personal integrity, don’t ever shut doors until you absolutely have to.  But twenty-seven years later, you have my permission to forget information that hasn’t been meaningful to you.

Based on JD House’s (1998) research, the GRE under predicts achievement for older students. There are studies that prove that for older students the verbal stays about the same, but the math portions decline (Clark 1984).

“According to data from the Educational Testing Service (ETS), the test’s manufacturer, the GRE is a weak predictor of first year graduate school grades (, 2007).  A study conducted by Morrison, T. & Morrison, M. (1995) found an even weaker relationship between test scores and grades — GRE scores predicted a mere 6 percent of the variation in grades.” (Hale  2010)

To be fair, one study also pointed out that older GRE students are less likely to graduate from traditional Masters/Doctoral program (Barry & Mathies 2011). There are other studies that show that GRE, etc are great predictors of first year grades; however, it seemed as if those were more traditional PhD type programs in psychology, etc.

I’m sure I could re-learn all of the formulas and little tips and tricks of geometry and algebra. I can sign up for test prep and hope to master the nuances of the test.  However, I have a family and a job that requires me to balance my investment of time. I have a great career, so this isn’t going to mean a giant leap in pay. This degree is for personal growth and a small hope of contributing to a public good.

My wife understands the time commitment of these programs, and she is happy to support me in this goal just as I am happy to support her in her pursuit of an MBA. This is the opportunity cost for the degree. However, I’m having a hard time with the realization that the opportunity cost has opportunity cost. This is a major problem


Meet the GRE’s competition: Casey, Eva,Preston, and Ella.

with higher education. There are people willing and wanting to get their first degree or one or more advanced degrees. However, we in higher education keep putting obstacles in front of them to make them fit into our mold rather than the other way around. This is one reason why the for-profit schools are making a killing. Sure, some programs are mills that take money for a degree that isn’t worth much. But some programs are the real deal. Even more importantly, eventually someone will get this right on a large scale and serve a very hungry audience.

My personal mission in life is to create a healthy environment where others can reach their full potential to excel at life & contribute positively to humanity. So far, I’ve spent my life serving society by making higher education institutions better at cost effectively serving their teaching and research agendas through the use of technology. It is a noble task to help prepare students to manage a complicated democracy, and it is also a noble task to help people become employable. I have viewed my career as serving a public good with higher education, but only about 30% of the US population receives a bachelor’s degree. In this same view, 100% of the population will interact with healthcare systems at some point in their lives. This degree will give me more opportunities to serve.

In conclusion, admission department at Georgia Regents University, I am a huge fan of your Masters of Public Health with concentration in Healthcare Informatics program. I want to make you proud as an alumnus. I’ll buy some merch and maybe give to a campaign in the future. Kudos for making the program online and accessible to working professionals! But, I will ask you as a non-traditional student: is the GRE score really a meaningful indicator of my chances for both success and completion? I believe that my verbal will be good, but my math will be not so great because of the content and the format/time constraints. If the results are important, then I should not bother applying. If the results are perfunctory, I would ask that you consider my graduate GPA, my extensive work experience, and recommendations.  Will you take me as a student without the GRE scores? In every way imaginable, I’m eager to learn.


Barry, M., & Mathies, C. (2011, May). An examination of master’s student retention & completion. Association of institutional research annual forum, Toronto, Ontario.

Clark, M. (1984). OLDER AND YOUNGER GRADUATE STUDENTS : A COMPARISON OF GOALS, GRADES , AND GRE SCORES auspices of the Graduate Record of, (February).

House, J. (1998). Age differences in prediction of student achievement from Graduate Record Examination scores. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 379–382. Retrieved from

Hale, J. (2010, December 09). Does the gre measure anything related to graduate school?. Retrieved from


Trick or Treat? Death by Powerpoint….

I wanted to have some fun at work and in my class, so here’s my ode to bad meetings!

The Grim PPTer

And here’s what is says on my scythe and the handouts. Today I have a meeting with our IT Strategic Advisory council, which includes our Provost, CFO, other VPs and several deans. Funny thing is that I bet there will be at least 3 PowerPoint slide decks used. Hope they don’t make any Death by PowerPoint mistakes, because I’ll be there to get them if they do! mwuahahahahahahahahahahahahahaha!

Happy Halloween! Let me know if I missed any PowerPoint or other presentation travesties!

Click the's easier to read that way.

Citizen Scientist–Coffee Joulies

Coffee Joulies and their bag

About 4 months ago, I invested in a Kickstarter ( initiative. If you’re not familiar with Kickstarter it’s a website where people with an idea can seek venture capital from the masses. There are some great ideas, some not so great ones, and some that are really random. Usually, initial backers get some perk for investing early, and then there are tiers for sponsorship levels.

Anyway, the initiative that caught my eye was for Coffee Joulies (CJ) ( The idea was that you put some of the Joulies in your cup of hot coffee (or tea in my case) and that the molten temperatures would drop to the ideal drinking temperature of 140*F rapidly due to the magic of a “phase change material” in the Joulies that absorbed the heat and then slowly released it back into the beverage to maintain relatively constant temp. So, you get to ideal temperature faster and it remains there longer. For $75, I was invested and down for two sets of Joulies.

The guys at CJ’s did a great job of keeping their investors up to date with the ramping up of their operation to full scale manufacturing. They took over an old Oneida factory in NY, retooled the equipment and staff, and after some time, I received the Joulies yesterday.

Casey was out shopping and the kids were asleep when I got the box. Instead of opening the box, washing the Joulies, and using, for some reason I decided to let some intellectual curiosity get the best of me. I was a double major in Cell Biology and Microbiology with a minor in Biochemistry in college. Which really means that I spent a lot of time in labs at one point in my life. Actually, come to think of it, I really didn’t have that much of a life at that point in my life. Lots of time in labs, studying chemical cycles and cascades with a white board (eg, Kreb’s cycle), and reading books with near unpronounceable names. Did I mention that I work in IT now? I still maintain it was a great choice and a great preparation for life in critical thinking skills, scientific method, and experimental design. But, I digress.

My setup. Note the spiderman mug was _critical_ to the test.

I pulled out a coffee mug and used the electric kettle to heat up some water. Next, I got a candy thermometer and the grill thermometer to measure the effect of the CJs on the water. I first ran the water through and put the thermometers in to see what happened with no CJs. This, in scientific parlance, is called a “control” which is basically what happens to your setup if nothing different happens. You compare this to what happens when you change a variable (in our case, the Joulies). Your repeat it a bunch of times to make sure it’s valid. You write it up, publish it, and then have people say that you are an idiot and try to prove you wrong. Somewhere in there is the scientific method (consider a problem, postulate a reason aka hypothesis, then test and repeat until you are sure your hypothesis is true or false, then put it out for others to test), which sounds kind of negative, but this is the way we, at least in the West, seek to discover truth. It’s not perfect, but it’s served us pretty well through the industrial age.

The control test of the water showed that water from the kettle entered the cup around 210*F. The room temp was about 70*F. And it took just at 20 minutes for the water to get down to 140*F, which is the temperature the folks at CJs say is the ideal temperature for drinking hot beverages. The water went from 140*F to 128*F in 8 minutes. Thus, you wait for 20 min so you don’t scald your mouth, and then you have about 8 minutes of ideal drinking time.

Now, let’s do all that again but with the CJ’s in the cup. I rinsed out the cup to get it to room temperature so the previous retained heat wouldn’t impact the experiment. Same procedure as before, except there were five Joulies in the cup. The water was the same 210*F and the room was about 70*F. The water went from 210* to 140* in 7 minutes and 30 seconds, and took just under 15 minutes to get to 128*F.

This ends the quantitative part of the experiment where specific measurements support the hypothesis. Now, satisfied in reliving some glory days, I made myself a cup of tea to test in actual use. This is called qualitative measurement.

And, I generally was able to drink the tea faster than I would’ve normally and enjoyed it a bit longer than normal. To the tea snobs out there, normally I wait for the boiling water to cool before I put it in my tea. Here I just put the Joulies in and used the milk Oolong that was in my strainer. So there.

The kids woke up right about here, and Casey wasn’t long in arriving home so that ends my experiment time. She did wonder why the thermometers were out, and since she was a business major she just wanted me to clean it up without hearing the details.

Had I more time, I would’ve tried the experiment again in a vacuum mug instead of a regular coffee mug. To make it more scientific, I could’ve run the tests several more times and gotten more than my opinion on the qualitative part. But, it was good to shake the dust off of the experimenter part of me.

The Joulies worked as promised in that they got the water down to the “ideal” drinking temp and kept it there longer than if nothing was used. I invested in a start up, spurred the economy with American manufacturing jobs, enjoyed tea (something I’ll talk more about another time), and played with some scientific gadget whizbangery. What’s not to like?

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